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Smoke-free legislations aim to protect non-smokers from second-hand smoke SHS exposure and improve population health outcomes.

We conducted a qualitative wwe chat room with 37 semi-structured interviews and 29 focus group discussions in three different SES neighborhoods within the city of Madrid. Constructivist grounded theory was used to analyze the transcripts.

One core category arose in our analyses: Neighborhood inequalities in second-hand smoke SHS exposure in outdoor places. The enactment chat up lines the comprehensive smoke-free law resulted in unintended consequences that affected neighborhoods differently: relocation of smokers to outdoor setting, SHS exposure, noise disturbance and cigarette butt littering.

Changes in the urban environment in the three neighborhoods free emo teen chat in the denormalization of smoking in outdoor public places, which was more clearly perceived in the high SES neighborhood.

Changes in the built environment porterville girls chat room outdoor areas of hospitality venues were reported to actually facilitate smoking. Comprehensive smoke-free laws resulted in denormalization of smoking, which might be effective in reducing SHS exposure.

Extending smoking bans to outdoor areas like bus stops and hospitality venues is warranted and should include a public health inequalities perspective.

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Under a Creative Commons. Abstract Smoke-free legislations aim to protect non-smokers from second-hand smoke SHS exposure and improve population health outcomes.

Keywords Qualitative research. Recommended articles Citing articles 0. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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